It needs little pruning, but if necessary, prune during the dormant season. Paper birch has a leaf shaped like the point on a spear, with a more rounded base. 0000002753 00000 n 0000001202 00000 n Betula Uber Virginia Round-Leaf Birch) Native to Virginia. Betula alleghaniensis, the yellow birch, golden birch, or swamp birch, is a large and important lumber species of birch native to North-eastern North America.Its vernacular names refer to the color of the tree's bark. A Whitespire birch "standard" is where there is only one trunk on the tree. Close grey bark, slender branches, multi-stemmed. It seems to tolerate drier soils in its native range. Paper, river, gray and red birch are among varieties not typically included in the lumber category. FWL: 7.5-11 mm (male); 11.5-14 mm (female). 0000004623 00000 n #���]f���bj$f;б+K_� s�bN�}�\�����B5U�X\�����.T�?��It'Zi�< This is a cultivar of a tree n ative to the northeastern United States. Bark color and texture Young trees have a reddish-brown color, older trees develop a chalky white bark that does not peel. Mature size is around 30-40' tall x … 1995. Also, make sure not to stack the wood directly on the ground because white birch is known to quickly decay if left exposed to the elements.. Gray Birch is an attractive tree that resembles the commonly cultivated Betula pendula (European White Birch). This is the classic birch tree use by Native Americans to make many useful products from footware to their famous birch-bark canoes. 190 29 Landscaping: Gray birch is an attractive tree that is "White and flaky" describes the peeling bark of the European white birch, a close relation to paper birch. Hardy to USDA Zone 4 For an elegant kitchen space, this khaki is perfect for all walls. It is native primarily from Southeastern Canada to Virginia, with a scattering of plants extending westward to Illinois. populifolia (Marshall) Regel; B. alba var. 0000004380 00000 n The flowers are in catkins. Perform… endstream endobj 191 0 obj<>/Metadata 24 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 23 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/OCProperties<>/StructTreeRoot 26 0 R/Type/Catalog/LastModified(D:20060808104215)/PageLabels 21 0 R>> endobj 192 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>/Name(HeaderFooter)/Type/OCG>> endobj 193 0 obj<>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 194 0 obj<> endobj 195 0 obj<> endobj 196 0 obj<> endobj 197 0 obj<> endobj 198 0 obj<> endobj 199 0 obj[/ICCBased 212 0 R] endobj 200 0 obj<> endobj 201 0 obj<> endobj 202 0 obj<> endobj 203 0 obj<> endobj 204 0 obj<>stream This birch tree is tolerant of most soil conditions and considered to be resistant to bronze birch borer. Farmer'S Almanac Cream. Robert H. Mohlenbrock @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA NRCS. Sun, will grow on poor soil, both wet and dry. Trim & Accent. The bark of the saplings and trees is white, but punctuated with gray chevrons where the branches meet the trunk. Garden designers across the country love this improved selection of Gray Birch with its good pest resistance and enormously ornamental features. It is a good hardwood species for use in the revegetation of mine spoils and other disturbed areas. John Lindell has written articles for "The Greyhound Review" and various other online publications. The European variety can grow to 50 feet tall, according to the Floridata website, while the shortest is the gray birch, a tree typically between 20 and 40 feet high. Featuring an elegant, pyramidal habit, it bears ovate, toothed, lime-green leaves, 3 in. Other common names:Gray Birch. Will tolerate poor, infertile soil, sandy or gravelly sites, wet or dry soil. White birch definition is - paper birch; also : gray birch. European white birch trees have a slender trunk of perhaps a foot in width and noticeably drooping branches throughout its canopy. 98YY 82/022. tortuosa (Ledeb.) 0000007752 00000 n Whitespire Birch is very adaptable preferring moist, well drained, slightly acidic soils. Shows some resistant to bronze birch borer. The tallest of these three types in the wild is the paper birch, a tree that can exceed 70 feet in some instances. '�yt*_;�'5���E,�!���T\h��tLA��.>���.���6��8��8Դ���O8±�IJ$W>��⾅�(�C��~�?��㮮��?-�h(9?��ӡ6 |VX�;S�n�9��): It can be grown in planting zones 3 to 9. Observe the trunks and the branches of the white birches and try to detect differences in them. The simple leaves are alternate, singly or doubly serrate, feather-veined, petiolate and stipulate. The bark on the tree tends to hold in the moisture making white birch difficult to season. Native to the northeastern US and eastern Canada. The paper birch has leaves that can grow to 4 inches in length, and the gray birch leaves average between 2 and 3 1/2 inches long, states the University of Connecticut Plant Database website. Gray Birch. Betula Populifolia Gray Birch. Gray birch is a narrow, pyramidal tree of cool climates. endstream endobj 217 0 obj<>/Size 190/Type/XRef>>stream The leaves are alternate, ovate, short-pointed,2 –4 inches long, thick-er than those of gray birch, doubly-toothed, with the upper surface dark green and dull. 0000005205 00000 n 190 0 obj <> endobj Paper birch trees have branches just a few feet above the ground, when you find one growing in the wild, and normally just a single main trunk. GENERAL DISTRIBUTION : The range of gray birch extends west from Nova Scotia to southern Ontario, and south to New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania. However, try not to peel the bark off living white birches; this could ultimately harm the health of the tree. The gray birch has a longer and narrower point on its tip, which makes it almost seem triangular. Estimate the sizes of the white birch trees you discover. Frequently Asked Questions About Yellow Birch Wood. Examine the leaves of these birches closely. :��V���\���Hb�H�ҳ����"���"��L���FGGD;�30l��%�X,�����F�B��!��HBV� o�9�&������@~� ��m4��K�7�bna7`l�a����á��S��C>��Q��/��bk f`ؽ���\l}2�;��9@�pG H3� �-R 50YY 12/095. 0000003882 00000 n 0000003094 00000 n 0000001668 00000 n All three possess an attractive white bark on the older trees, so distinguishing one from the other will require a more discerning eye. long (7 cm), with some golden-yellow fall color before they shed for the winter. All Rights Reserved. Paper birch has a leaf shaped like the point on a spear, with a more rounded base. %PDF-1.4 %���� They open in early spring before the leaves. Betula alba Linnaeus subsp. Northeast wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species. xref Examine the leaves of these birches closely. 0 A good selection for poor soils and other difficult sites, it also demonstrates some resistance to bronze birch borer (BBB). In the St. Louis area, it is best sited in a northern or eastern exposure that receives some afternoon shade. PAPER BIRCH 89 very young trees have a darker colored bark, which gradually changes to a creamy-white. They often appear in pairs, but these pairs are really borne on spur-like, two-leaved, lateral branchlets. 90YR 31/227. A Connecticut native, his work specializes in sports, fishing and nature. The European variety can grow to 50 feet tall, according to the Floridata website, while the shortest is the gray birch, a tree typically between 20 and 40 feet high. Mature Height: commonly 20-30′ tall with fast growth rate. 0000006782 00000 n 0000015170 00000 n It's important to split white birch into small sections and give the wood plenty of time to dry. Gray birch prefers sunlight and is shade intolerant. populifolia (Marshall) Spach. 0000004344 00000 n Gray birch and yellow birch are occasionally confused by people inexperienced with birch identification, but are quite easy to tell apart by leaves, bark, and growth habit. 0000000016 00000 n 20YY 63/258. 0000036791 00000 n In addition to its white bark and yellow fall foliage, the form of this tree provides landscaping interest. It is not tolerant of flooding of any long duration. startxref You may encounter three types of birch trees in the United States that feature white bark. ... 60YY 44/110. 0000001379 00000 n Bronzed Ivy. Full sun. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →. Consider using soaker hoses and bark mulches to keep the root zones cool and moist. 0000003520 00000 n Bright green leaves turn a yellow fall color. Gray birch looks very similar to paper birch (Betula papyrifera) with its chalky, white bark, but is much more tolerant of heat and dry soils, making it more suitable than paper birch for the warmer zones of eastern American landscapes. Tall and stately, Whitespire's showy bark does not exfoliate or pee l. It will create a magnificent focal point in both daytime and at night. platyphylla – Asian white birch P: Species Betula populifolia Marshall – gray birch P: Species Betula pubescens Ehrh. Betula platyphylla, commonly called Japanese white birch, is a medium to large sized tree noted for its white bark, thin spreading branches and slightly pendant branchlets. Although birch wood was used quite a bit in the 1960s and 1970s for furniture and cabinetry, it isn’t used much today by craftsmen. The outer bark resembles that of paper birch but is not so white, peels less, and has rough, triangular, black patches below the junctions of branches and trunk. Occasionally figured pieces are available with a wide, shallow curl similar to the curl found in Cherry.There is virtually no color distinction between annual growth rings, giving Birch a somewhat dull, uniform appearance. The gray birch has a longer and narrower point on its tip, which makes it almost seem triangular. �w�F�e��yY&@B����p��d-Ha�FՀ�qf��'".Cȶ�p���2c�7�?&��-!#���y���x�ܱ��;�W�0|s��{���HyӒ���B�y1�eO��Z��>&BI��db%?�]��KW��()ʈtF��1�}���!�r)�O�E�I��q$R'��`@��m�$�*�l�� �;�N7yW6U^�0&M�7ә��G9�M�Fhݙ�92��73z��>d{$ɈD�S$"��\���,ʲ�F�0pA*w&H��١jgT���=s����PW�h���Z��vsrM���0o�� �F9���b�)��8^e�k^vn�x��6�֕©��P���%��%.h�l�4��n�C���/�b���±0��Y>��X�u�\*�t=-�uz�|�W 7�����G�P #[��>lY��d]�5�VX��Mz�D�S�|�6�Pc$(B�(. Of northern temperate and boreal climates a creamy-white Height: commonly 20-30′ tall fast... 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